Reading Comprehension

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT RC Organization PassageGMAT Reading comprehension organization of passage questions looks like

"Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?"

"Which of the following best describes the organization of the first paragraph of the passage?"

"One function of the third paragraph is to...."

Follow these strategies to solve GMAT Organization of Passage Question.

1) Limit paragraph summary

Unlike creating paragraph summaries for other questions, in the organization of the passage, limiting the summary to a line or two, would help you connect the dots between each paragraph.

2) Learn to dissect the Vocabulary

Similar to answering the purpose of the passage question, you must learn to recognize how the paragraphs, transitions and the mechanics of the passage are described by the test creators.

Some of the common terminologies used...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT RC Inference QuestionGMAT RC inference questions are one of the toughest question types. You can’t skim the content and infer. When you see the question framed as: "It can be inferred from the passage that" or “which statement do you agree to,” they are variations of the inference question type.

1) Locate or create paragraph summaries

Inference questions are most likely to quote a statement, phrase, or a word used by the author. Locate the paragraph. Once you know the paragraph, it becomes easier to dissect the author’s thoughts depending upon the structure of the passage.

If the question is to infer from the passage, capturing the paragraph summaries would help you combine the gist of each paragraph.

2) Main Idea

This is a shortcut that many test takers miss. Once you note down the paragraph that the question is referring, create the summary of each paragraph, including the paragraph that is not referred. After...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT RC Main IdeaWith the GMAT main idea question, the test makers want to understand how good you are in getting to the gist of the passage. The best strategies to follow are:

1) Don't get lost in the details

Most GMAT test takers spend considerable time reading the entire passage in detail and try to understand every minuscule fact mentioned in the passage. This approach is counterproductive. Skip through the details and focus on the intent.

2) Summarize each paragraph

Once you have read the paragraphs, summarize each of them. The summary of each paragraph should cover the central idea of the paragraph.

3) Paraphrase the main summary

Try to paraphrase the main summary from the summaries of each paragraph. Sometimes the main idea is explicitly mentioned in one of the summaries, and sometimes it would be hidden in the summaries.

4) Eliminate and Select

Now go through...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT Reading Comprehension Title QuestionStrategies to tackle GMAT reading comprehension title questions are similar to handling GMAT main idea questions. But they are not entirely the same. The best strategies to follow are:

1) Don't get lost in the details

Skim through the details but pay special attention to the point that the author is trying to make. For science passages, understanding context would be more useful than noting down terminologies.

2) Summarize each paragraph

Summarize the central idea of each paragraph

3) Find the central theme

Find the central theme from the summaries of each paragraph.

4) Eliminate and select

It is very difficult to paraphrase the title of the passage. Don't waste time doing it. Go straight...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT Reading Comprehension primary purpose questions are seeking your ability to find structure in a passage, except that the test creators want to see how you interpret the author’s intent.

1) Summarize the Passage

Finding the structure of a passage or the reason for the author to use an argument in paragraph one before paragraph two requires a breakdown of the passage into paragraphs. Unlike other summary creations, while writing a summary for questions on the structure of the passage or purpose questions, write it from the perspective of the author – the intent.

2) Rely on Process of Elimination

The test creator would use answer choices with terms like ‘development’, ‘phenomenon’, ‘historical artifact’ and other fancy terms that you are unlikely to find in the passage. Spending time guessing the broader generalization of an event/occurrence is a wasteful exercise. Go straight to the answer choices.

Categories : Reading Comprehension

In early 1990, Isabel Beck and Margaret McKeown pioneered a new reading comprehension technique - questioning the author. The technique involved critical questioning of the author, and his intentions. By focusing on the thought process and motivation behind the articles, readers were better equipped to recognize biases, and how the author manipulates facts while forming an opinion.

Here are five Steps to question the Author

1) Find the Author’s Knowledge

GMAT reading comprehension questions require looking at the passage as a reference and finding the answers to the questions asked. There is no point in questioning the author’s knowledge except in cases where the question is about the assumptions of the author. Your knowledge about the subject matter would help you understand whether the author is misinterpreting facts to make a point. But in most cases, GMAT Reading Comprehension includes diverse topics ranging from ecological preservation, financial systems and rights of African-Americans. You are not expected to be scholars in these topic areas, and hence beating the author on knowledge is less likely. But it helps to know more than the author to recognize the thoughts he articulates while making a point.

2) Find the Information Link

Authors are masters at...
Categories : Reading Comprehension

Although we recommend that test takers go back to the passage for facts or questions related to “quotes,” memory serves the crucial role of understanding the author’s point of view. Skim the passage when the questions are about “the main idea,” “tone,” “passage structure,” and “author’s stand,” but without comprehending the author’s point of view, reading in record time becomes a wasteful exercise.

You cannot improve your memory with a 3-month GMAT preparation, but you can improve with these four focus areas:

1) Motivation

When you perform any activity – reading or writing, the motivation to do it efficiently, influences your concentration. If you look at GMAT as a roadblock for completing the MBA application process, you are less likely to score in the competitive range. Instead, look at GMAT as a tool to solidify your position among the probable candidates, before the admission team evaluates essays, recommendation letters, and interview performance. This small shift in approach drastically changes your outlook towards reading GMAT passages, even if that means reading some of the most boring texts about coral reefs, or a scientific phenomenon that you don’t care.

2) Remembering Irrelevant Information

Authors not only plug in irrelevant facts and distract the GMAT test taker, but they use multiple...

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