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GMAT Reading Comprehension Passage: Ecology(Plastic)

Although the wider US public hate to admit it, the ‘hippie’ culture eventually permeates the rural and urban Mindspace, be it opinion against the war, gay marriage or attitude towards mass incarceration.  San Francisco led the Ban on plastic in 2007, but it might come as a surprise to learn that the decision, although made with good intention, had an adverse effect on climate change. This seems counterintuitive as the negative effects of single-use plastic on marine life have been heavily documented. The birds that washed away dead to the shores of Australia in 1999 with hundreds of small plastics in its stomach is etched in the minds of BBC News audience. But the invisible effects of air, water and land pollution from creating viable alternatives to plastic had far more consequence on the lives of Marine life.

According to Denmark’s Ministry of Environment and Food, the paper bags that is considered the most logical alternative to single-use plastic should be used at least 43 times to have the utility as the plastic in terms of environmental impact and the second most popular alternative material – cotton cloth, should be used for 22,000 times or more than 60 years to have the same impact as creating a plastic bag. The evidence from Austin, Texas,...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT Reading Comprehension Passage: Politics (Market Share and Innovation)

Market Analyst: F’s entry into Mirrorless Camera began in 2015 with the release of XG1 Cameras. Unlike N and C, F was two years late, but the nostalgia of the 80s film camera revived the brand among 40+ year old. The executives at F found it comforting to gain 15% market share in the APS-C mirrorless camera market and the Founder’s son – Mr Nakomota, revived an old Japanese mantra of iteratively improving the camera after a thorough ground study.

However, with the introduction of Full Frame Mirrorless camera, the competitors began pushing the reasonably well off 40+ year old to models that offer better focusing, image stabilization and superior performance in low light. By stubbornly insisting that “We will never go full frame”, Mr Nakomota is taking a stand to avoid cannibalizing F’s existing APS-C cameras. A similar strategy had helped F outlive K which didn’t have any transitioning strategy for the 21st century when the world moved away from Film to Digital camera. In 2012, K filed for bankruptcy whereas F is gaining a loyal following due to their superior color science.

The honeymoon period might not last long as C and N are planning to introduce Full-frame mirrorless camera for the same price point as F’s...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT Reading Comprehension Passage: Politics (Conservatives and Automation)

The rise of the democratic left in the US, under the masked promise of equality, has led to an inefficient government with unmanageable debt, clocking in at an astounding $16.1 trillion in 2018. The desire to protect the downtrodden has led to policies that pander to the imagined victim without any concrete policies for helping the real victims of globalization and automation – the blue collared workers, who don’t have the foundation to switch to a job that requires the greater application of niche knowledge.


Under such circumstances, the displaced populous of the American heartland would gravitate towards leaders that acknowledge their pain and take steps that protect existing jobs. Immigration becomes an easy target. Although the cost to taxpayers through illegal immigration is rising, the real impact is happening through automation.

The politicians on the left, who recognize the trend, choose the easier path – free money. They clamor for funding a universal basic income, by...
Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT Reading Comprehension Question: Protein-Rich Diet

From repairing old cells to maintaining healthy hair to the primary energy source for daily function, Protein plays a binding role in our lives. Although one’s lifestyle (sedentary vs. active) and nutritional need (pregnancy, lactating, bodybuilding, age) dictate the intake, the minimum daily recommended allowance (RDA) for an adult is 0.8 Gram per kg of body weight.

The popularization of Keto, Atkins, and Zone diets through celebrity endorsements have spread the message on the benefits of the diet in treating epilepsy, preventing Alzheimer’s disease and limiting some form of cancer, leading to mass hysteria in favor of protein consumption.

As per the RDA limit, a moderately active adult weighing 160 pounds and eating a 2500 calorie diet would need to consume 58 gm of protein. If one gram of protein provides 4 calories, then 58 gm would constitute 9.2% of the daily calorie requirement solely from protein. Since an average American consumes around 16% to 25% of protein as part of regular meals and 35-45% for certain protein diets, it is anything but healthy.  The pros and cons of a high protein diet is an ongoing area of research, the results of which are sometimes skewed by lobbyists for the meat industry.

Traditional fear, linking high...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT RC purpose questions are seeking your ability to find structure in a passage, except that the test creators want to see how you interpret the author’s intent.

1) Summarize the Passage


Finding the structure of a passage or the reason for the author to use an argument in paragraph one before paragraph two requires a breakdown of the passage into paragraphs. Unlike other summary creations, while writing a summary for questions on the structure of the passage or purpose questions, write it from the perspective of the author – the intent.

2) Rely on Process of Elimination

The test creator would use answer choices with terms like ‘development’, ‘phenomenon’, ‘historical artifact’ and other fancy terms that you are unlikely to find in the passage. Spending time guessing the broader generalization of an event/occurrence is a wasteful exercise. Go straight to the answer choices.

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Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT RC Improve ScoreIn GMAT Verbal section, you have to answer 41 questions in 75 minutes, which means, you will get 1 minute and 82 seconds to answer each question. On an average, you will get 12-14 reading comprehension questions in GMAT. For the 700+ performers, GMAT reading comprehension is the best performing section. If you are planning to cross the 700 mark, focus on 100% accuracy in GMAT RC. We have covered strategies, secrets and Sample RC passages in our RC Guide. Here are some exercises from the book that will improve your reading comprehension:

1) Read from the Screen

This is a no brainer but many GMAT test takers get used to reading hard copies of GMAT study guides. In the actual GMAT test, you will be staring at a computer screen and noting down summary of passages. Even though you...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

Mastering GMAT Reading ComprehensionStaying still and reading 600 to 1000 word passages seem a daunting task for most. In regular reading, we skim the content, look for titles & subtitles, and try to pick the gist of the passage. This process cannot be followed in GMAT Reading Comprehension passages where answering the question require paying close attention to keywords, the tone of the author, and other details embedded in the passage.

1) Read the Message not the Word

Even though GMAT RC requires test takers to pay close attention, reading every word and forcing yourself through the passage is a sign of a poor reader. Instead, read the passage for the message and not the word. If the passage has a question specific to a passage or the “word” used in the passage, you can always go back to the text and figure it out. Most questions will be related to the Main Idea of the passage, tone of the author, Title, Inference, Organization of the passage, and assumptions.

To go beyond the words, and read the message, you have to develop a habit of reading a line. This can be tricky early on and need practice. Even though you feel that you have missed important information our brains are receptive and...




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