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Solving GMAT Reading comprehension inference question

GMAT RC Inference QuestionGMAT RC inference questions are one of the toughest question types. You can’t skim the content and infer. When you see the question framed as: "It can be inferred from the passage that" or “author's which statement do you agree to..” or “What do you mean by the word or phrase” , they are variations of the Inference question type.

Strategies to Solve GMAT Reading Comprehension Inference Question Type

1) Locate


Inference questions are most likely to quote a statement, phrase, or a word used by the author. Locate the paragraph. Once you know the paragraph, it becomes easier for you to dissect the author’s thoughts depending upon how the author has structured the passage.

2) Main Idea

This is a shortcut that many test takers miss. Once you note down the paragraph that the question is referring, create the summary of each paragraph, including the paragraph that is not referred. After understanding the main idea behind each paragraph and the passage in total, it becomes easier for you to infer the author’s point.

3) Underlying Meaning

The phrases and words used by the author cannot be taken on a literal sense. Look for context, primarily through paragraph summary, and understand the underlying meaning behind the statement. Can we go beyond the literal and find an alternative explanation?

4) Avoid Personal Assumption

While we logically group statements under an idea, it should never contradict the main idea of the passage, which we have reached in Step 1. This often happens when we include our personal biases and assumptions about a scenario in order to interpret the author’s statement. Summary of each paragraph prevents us from making such an error.

5) Process of Elimination

If you try to second guess author’s suggestion, you might lose precious time. The trick is to apply the process of elimination where you evaluate each answer choice and find whether the statement contradicts the main idea of the passage or paragraph. Three answer choices would be out of context or irrelevant for the passage, and you can quickly eliminate them. Solving GMAT RC Inference question comes down to evaluating two inference statements.

6) Find Contradicting Statement

Although we successfully eliminated three answer choices, picking the winner involves understanding the context, and subtly understanding what the author meant. Even after going through the summary of each paragraph, if you are stuck, analyze both the statements separately and find contradicting statements in the passage.

For example:

Answer Choice A:
Lack of storage in the Food distribution system is to be blamed for the rise in famine in Africa.

Answer Choice B: The corruption in the Food distribution system is to be blamed for the rise in famine in Africa.

Let us assume that both the statements are shortlisted because the author has covered corruption, and inefficient storage in the passage but the trick here is to look for statements that provide direct causation for the “rise in famine in Africa.”

If the lack of storage is inferred as leading to wastage and not rise in famine, you can eliminate Answer Choice A.

Going back to the passages where the author has mentioned the two factors is the trick behind solving such close GMAT RC inference questions.
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The above post is an excerpt from Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide. Download it here

Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide (2019 Edition)


Chapters

Collecting and Interpreting Facts: GMAT Reading Comprehension    
Effective Note-taking for GMAT Reading Comprehension    
5 Questions to Speed up Summary Creation    
Mastering GMAT Reading Comprehension: 3 Best Practices    
How to Remember Information    
How to improve comprehension by Questioning the Author    
How to Read Faster    
How to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Title question
How to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Main Idea Question    
How to Answer GMAT Reading comprehension inference question    
How to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Purpose Question    
How to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Detail Question    
How to Answer the GMAT organization of passage Question    
How to Improve GMAT Reading Comprehension Score?    
Question #1: Protein-Rich Diet    
Question #2: Pregnant Women and Stress Management    
Question #3: F Losing Momentum    
Question #4: Conservatives and Automation    
Question #5: Collaboration, Team size and Performance    
Question #6: Effective Altruism    
Question #7: Loneliness Epidemic    
Question #8: Space Exploration    
Question #9: Lab-Grown Meat    
Question #10: Minimum Wage in the US    
Question #11: AI and Creativity    
Question #12: Bias Against Healthcare in Developing Economies    
Question #13: Legacy Admissions    
Question #14: Plastic Ban and alternatives    
Question #15: Underestimating Homo Sapiens    
Question #16: Conspiracy Theories    
Question #17: Relative Poverty    
Question #18: Why Paintings are expensive    
Question #19: US Obesity Epidemics    
Question #20: The Future of Advertising    
Question #21: Breaking Large Companies    
Question #22: Helicopter Parenting    
Question #23: Future of Democracy    
Question #24: Technology and Global Citizenship    

Question #25: Morality and Investment   

Answers: 157 to 294

Pages: 295

Questions: 100+


Download F1GMAT's Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide (2019 Edition)

Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide


After reading F1GMAT’s Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide, you will:

1. Complete GMAT RC Questions in less than 1 minute and 50 seconds
2. Read Faster
3. Take Notes Effectively
4. Collect and Interpret Facts
5. Speed up Summary Creation
6. Remember Information
7. Question the Author   
8. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Title question   
9. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Main Idea Question   

10.Learn to Answer GMAT Reading comprehension Inference question

11. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Detail Question   

12. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Purpose Question
12. Learn to Answer GMAT organization of passage Question
13. Learn to identify the style/tone or attitude of the author

Download Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide (2019 Edition) (100+ New Questions)









Mastering GMAT Critical Reasoning



After you read F1GMAT’s Mastering GMAT Critical Reasoning Guide, you will learn:

How to overcome flawed thinking in GMAT Critical Reasoning?  


How to spot Inconsistencies in Arguments  

How to eliminate out of scope answer choices using Necessary and Sufficient Conditions  

How to Paraphrase GMAT Critical Reasoning Question  

How to Answer Assumption Question Type  

How to Answer Conclusion Question Type  

How to Answer Inference Question Type  

How to Answer Strengthen Question Type  

How to Answer Weaken Question Type  

How to Answer bold-faced and Summary Question Types  

How to Answer Parallel Reasoning Questions  

How to Answer the Fill in the Blanks Question


Download Mastering GMAT Critical Reasoning (2019 Edition) (25+ New Questions)




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