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Critical Reasoning


Consumers have reported companies targeting Ads based on their private conversation, but if you look at the number of Ads that an average consumer is exposed, it has increased from 2000 per day in 1990 to 5000 in 2018, across platforms and devices. Under such circumstances, if the technology truly exists to target based on conversation, it would be in the interest of the largest advertising companies - G and F, to offer the service to all advertisers instead of a select few.

Which of the following statement strengthens the author's position?

a) The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was ...

b) The trust in technology dropped by...

c) Smaller advertisers with limited ...

d) Consumers tend to talk often about their ....

e) 95% of word of mouth marketing is through ...

...

Out of the top 20 academic organizations, Chinese constitute 17 of those who were patenting in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and among 10 of the 20 publications leading the scientific research publications in the industry. From 2013 to 2016, Chinese organization have overtaken the growth rate of patent filing in other countries. However, Alphabet the US holding company of technology giant Google ranks #1 in terms of acquiring AI companies. Despite the competition, China would lead the world in AI technology by 2030

Which of the following statements weakens the author’s argument the most?

a) The ratio of scientific papers ....

b) Of the top 20 companies with ...

c) The State Grid Corporation ..

d) Among the top three AI patent...

e) Of the top 20 AI patent filers...

Answer and Explanation for the GMAT Critical Reasoning Weaken Question included in F1GMAT's Mastering GMAT Critical Reasoning Guide


During world war 1 and 2, the top income tax rate jumped to 77% and 94% respectively.  From 1950 to 1980, the tax rates remained above 70%. When the United States faced an unprecedented recession from July 1981, the republicans sponsored the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 that cut the top tax rate to 50%.  The Tax Reform Act led by Republic president Nixon in 1986, broadened the tax based and dropped the tax rate to 28% from 1988. The recession of 1990 triggered by the Kuwait war and the Federal Reserve’s decision to hike the interest rate, pushed the republican government to increase the top income tax rate to 39.6%.

In 2013, with a slow economic recovery from the 2009 Financial crisis, the Democratic government initiated The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 that increased the income tax rate to 39.6% with the Affordable Care Act adding an additional 3.8%, taking the total effective Federal income tax rate to 43.4%. In 2018, citing a strong economy, Donald Trump – the Republican president, slashed the maximum income tax to 40.8%

What can be inferred about the change in the income tax rate for top earners?

a) A republican government ...

b) Governments led by ...

c) An increase in...

d) A democratic government is ...

e) The maximum tax rate...
...

In Latin America, despite the growing influence of international retail chains, small independent supermarkets run by solopreneurs and traditional stores managed by families account for 45% to 61% of all consumer-goods sold. By offering coupons as credit and providing a complete shopping experience - childcare, cheaper bus service to the store, and offering personal attention, international chains could gain market share of low to middle-income Latin Americans.

For the above plan to work, what assumption do the Author most rely on?

a) The two major hurdles that are....

b) Traditional stores and supermarkets...

c) Solopreneurs and traditional....

d) The percentage of low to middle-income....

e) Consumer goods is the ...


India produced a record high - more than 23 million metric ton in pulses in 2016-17. In spite of an above average monsoon and minimum droughts in the agricultural heartland, the government imported equivalent to 1/3rd of the total locally produced pulses under zero-duty imports, contributing towards drastically reducing the price of the pulses to 30% below the peak price in 2016. For Indians to have disposable income and contribute towards 8-9% annual GDP growth rate, imports of pulses should be limited?

Which statement weakens the claim of the author?

a) Agriculture contributes 17.32%....

b) Lower prices of pulses reduced ....


c) Pulses constitute the 3rd largest ....

d) The peak price of pulses in ....

e) Canada exported the largest ...


Following the 1991 economic crash, Japan was in a two-decade stagnation, only to be revived in 2013, when the change in real GDP per working adult matched the American’s 45% over a 25-year period. The turnaround is credited to Prime Minister Abe’s aggressive money printing policy that has skyrocketed the debt to GDP ratio to 237% in 2017. Another change that set the new precedence is the increase in women representation in the working age (25 to 54-year old) that had increased from 70% in 2012 when Abe joined the office to 77.6% in 2018 – a moderate 7.6% increase that contributed the share of jobs held by 25 to 54-year old from 80.5% to an all-time high of 85.2% since the records were kept from the early 1980s.

What can be inferred from the passage above?

a)The economic recovery is ....

b) Prime Minister Abe’s election ...

c) The increase in women’s representation....

d) The debt as a percentage of GDP....

e) The percentage of adult men ......

...
Categories : Critical Reasoning

To overcome the Opioid abuse seen in patients with chronic pain, the scientists at Stanford University have come up with a solution of silencing the neurons in the brain that register pain. The study conducted on mice along the amygdala region that is similar to humans and responsible for controlling emotions, isolated the region associated with pain from the regions responsible for negative emotions and positive rewards. However, it is the negative manifestation of the pain that protects humans from danger and fatal injuries. 

Which of the following if true most strongly supports the scientist’s argument that the plan will work on humans.


a) Most of the chronic pain is .....

b) Opioid drugs help in pain but .....

c) The neurons responsible for eliciting pain...

d) Fear dulls pain and is essential ...

...




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