# GMAT Critical Reasoning: Finding/Drawing a Conclusion

Reaching a conclusion in an argument depends on the premise(s) and the assumption.

In simple terms,

Premise(s) + Assumption = Conclusion

What confuses GMAT test takers is the extent to which assumptions can be used to reach a conclusion. A wrong answer choice can plant the idea that it is alright to use personal biases, and knowledge outside the given statements to reach a conclusion. The subtle clues in the answer choices will misguide the test takers. That is why it is important to write down the premises(s) in separate lines.

Let us try one question.

Q) If you go by the popularity of Gaming units, as of Jan 4th 2015, Sony’s PS4 sold 18.5 million units and reached 10.9 million PlayStation Plus subscribers, a growth of 37.9% from October 2014.  Despite the massive growth, Sony’s PlayStation is behind Microsoft’s Xbox One, which in November 2014 accelerated its sales due to a \$50 price cut, and a bundle of free games. On 28th January 2015, Spotify, the leading music subscription service announced an exclusive partnership with PS4, and offered digital music to 64 million PlayStation Network users. With the announcement, Feb 2015 saw a spike in sales for the PS4 units by 45%.

Which one of the following conclusions is valid for the above statements?

a) PS4, on itself, does not have the brand reach nor the mass following needed to overtake Microsoft’s Xbox One.

b) Demand for Microsoft’s Xbox One declined during Feb 2015

c) Bundling of services has increased the market share for Sony’s PS4

d) Price Cut had a direct impact on sales of Gaming Units

e) Sales of Sony’s PS4 will overtake Microsoft’s Xbox One in 2015

We know that listing the premises on a notepad can slow you down. You don’t have to write them in full sentences. The problem with depending on your memory to connect premise to the conclusion is that we are habitually bound to read the answer choices, and the facts from the choices can creep into the premises. It can even influence the assumptions.

First Iteration

1) Read the statements included in the argument

2) What is the subject of the argument?

3) List down the premises

4) List the assumptions used by the Author

Let’s use the First Iteration for the above question

1) Read the statements in 1 minute

If you go by the popularity of Gaming units, as of Jan 4th 2015, Sony’s PS4 sold 18.5 million units and reached 10.9 million PlayStation Plus subscribers, a growth of 37.9% from October 2014.  Despite the massive growth, Sony’s PlayStation is behind Microsoft’s Xbox One, which in November 2014 accelerated its sales due to a \$50 price cut, and a bundle of free games. On 28th January 2015, Spotify, the leading music subscription service announced an exclusive partnership with PS4, and offered digital music to 64 million PlayStation Network users. With the announcement, Feb 2015 saw a spike in sales for the PS4 units by 45%.

2) What is the subject of the argument?

Sales of Sony’s PS4 vs Microsoft’s Xbox One
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Mastering GMAT Critical Reasoning (2019 Edition)

Chapters

1) Introduction
2) 6 Step Strategy to solve GMAT Critical Reasoning Questions
3) How to overcome flawed thinking in GMAT Critical Reasoning?
4) 4 GMAT Critical Reasoning Fallacies
5) Generalization in GMAT Critical Reasoning
6) Inconsistencies in Arguments
7) Eliminate Out of Scope answer choices using Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
8) Ad Hominem in GMAT Critical Reasoning
9) Slippery Slope in GMAT Critical Reasoning
10) Affirming the Consequent – GMAT Critical Reasoning
11) How to Paraphrase GMAT Critical Reasoning Question
12) How to Answer Assumption Question Type
13) How to Answer Conclusion Question Type
14) How to Answer Inference Question Type
15) How to Answer Strengthen Question Type
16) How to Answer Weaken Question Type
17) How to Answer bold-faced and Summary Question Types
18) How to Answer Parallel Reasoning Questions
19) How to Answer the Fill in the Blanks Question
Question Bank
Question 1: 5G Technology (Inference)
Question 2: Water Purifier vs. Minerals (Fill in the Blanks)
Question 3: Opioid Abuse (Strengthens)
Question 4: Abe and Japan’s Economy (Inference)
Question 5: Indians and Pulse Import (Weakens)
Question 6: Retail Chains in Latin America (Assumption)
Question 7: American Tax Rates – Republican vs. Democrats (Inference)
Question 8: AI – China vs the US (Weakens)
Question 9: Phone Snooping (Strengthens)
Question 11:  Appraisal-Tendency Framework (Inference)
Question 12:  Meta-Analysis of Diet Trials (Weakens)
Question 13:  Biases in AI (Strengthens)
Question 14:  Stock Price and Effectiveness of Leadership (Inference)
Question 15:  US Border Wall (Weakens)
Question 16:  Driverless Car and Pollution (Assumption)
Question 17:  Climate Change (Inference)
Question 18:  Rent a Furniture (Weakens)
Question 19:  Marathon Performance and Customized Shoes (Weakens)
Question 20:  Guaranteed Basic Income (Assumption)
Question 21:  Brexit (Infer)
Question 22:  AB vs Traditional Hotels (Assumption)
Question 23:  Tax Incentive and Job Creation (Weakens)
Question 24:  Obesity and Sleeve Gastrectomy (Inference)
Question 25:  Recruiting Executives (Weaken)

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