GMAT Ecology passage (Plastic Ban and Alternatives)

GMAT Reading Comprehension Passage: Ecology(Plastic)

Although the wider US public hate to admit it, the ‘hippie’ culture eventually permeates the rural and urban Mindspace, be it opinion against the war, gay marriage or attitude towards mass incarceration.  San Francisco led the Ban on plastic in 2007, but it might come as a surprise to learn that the decision, although made with good intention, had an adverse effect on climate change. This seems counterintuitive as the negative effects of single-use plastic on marine life have been heavily documented. The birds that washed away dead to the shores of Australia in 1999 with hundreds of small plastics in its stomach is etched in the minds of BBC News audience. But the invisible effects of air, water and land pollution from creating viable alternatives to plastic had far more consequence on the lives of Marine life.

According to Denmark’s Ministry of Environment and Food, the paper bags that is considered the most logical alternative to single-use plastic should be used at least 43 times to have the utility as the plastic in terms of environmental impact and the second most popular alternative material – cotton cloth, should be used for 22,000 times or more than 60 years to have the same impact as creating a plastic bag. The evidence from Austin, Texas, is a setback to the simplistic solutions that focus on materials instead of educating and changing the behavior of consumers.

In 2013, the city of Austin banned single-use plastic bags in retail outlets with an obvious benefit predicted for the environment and in switching consumer behavior towards alternative carrying bags. Since 1982, retail consumers were enthralled at the prospect of not carrying bags from home or transport cumbersome paper bags to the parking lot. The single-use plastic bags were cheaper to produce (1 cent) and faster to manufacture. The ‘throwaway’ element of plastic bags is not easy to change even if the bags changed to cotton or high-density plastic bags that are supposed to be used for at least 5 years. In 2-years, the city council observed that people were throwing away reusable bags at a similar rate as single-use plastic bags, primarily from habit, also from the low-cost of such bags and the unfamiliarity with cleaning stained carrying bags. With no cost deterrent and limited education campaigns on the reusability targets, bags were clogging the recycling machinery, further impacting the city’s goal of limiting climate change from increased carbon footprint.

Since the cities that banned plastic bags faced an exponential increase in litter, decision makers that are planning any such drastic ‘banning’ decision should also invest in technology that creates alternatives to plastic, enforce laws that penalize non-compliance, and broadcast education programs that teach the best practices of using reusable bags.

Q) Which region does the author refer to by ‘hippie culture’?

a) San Francisco
b) The UK
c) Australia
d) Denmark
e) Austin

Q) What is the author referring to with “the invisible effect of air, water and land pollution.”

a) The impact of pollution has not been documented
b) The pollution incidence that is not reported in news channels
c) The negative impact of pollution that is not immediate
d) The processes that have a far adverse effect than plastic on the environment
e) The pollution that doesn’t result in immediate death

Q) The attitude of the author towards ‘single-use’ plastics is

a) Ambiguous
b) Favor
c) Critical
d) Neutral
e) Accepting

Find out the answer to this GMAT Reading Comprehension Passage on Ecology

Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide (2019 Edition)


Collecting and Interpreting Facts: GMAT Reading Comprehension    
Effective Note-taking for GMAT Reading Comprehension    
5 Questions to Speed up Summary Creation    
Mastering GMAT Reading Comprehension: 3 Best Practices    
How to Remember Information    
How to improve comprehension by Questioning the Author    
How to Read Faster    
How to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Title question
How to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Main Idea Question    
How to Answer GMAT Reading comprehension inference question    
How to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Purpose Question    
How to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Detail Question    
How to Answer the GMAT organization of passage Question    
How to Improve GMAT Reading Comprehension Score?    
Question #1: Protein-Rich Diet    
Question #2: Pregnant Women and Stress Management    
Question #3: F Losing Momentum    
Question #4: Conservatives and Automation    
Question #5: Collaboration, Team size and Performance    
Question #6: Effective Altruism    
Question #7: Loneliness Epidemic    
Question #8: Space Exploration    
Question #9: Lab-Grown Meat    
Question #10: Minimum Wage in the US    
Question #11: AI and Creativity    
Question #12: Bias Against Healthcare in Developing Economies    
Question #13: Legacy Admissions    
Question #14: Plastic Ban and alternatives    
Question #15: Underestimating Homo Sapiens    
Question #16: Conspiracy Theories    
Question #17: Relative Poverty    
Question #18: Why Paintings are expensive    
Question #19: US Obesity Epidemics    
Question #20: The Future of Advertising    
Question #21: Breaking Large Companies    
Question #22: Helicopter Parenting    
Question #23: Future of Democracy    
Question #24: Technology and Global Citizenship    

Question #25: Morality and Investment   

Answers: 157 to 294

Pages: 295

Questions: 100+

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Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide

After reading F1GMAT’s Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide, you will:

1. Complete GMAT RC Questions in less than 1 minute and 50 seconds
2. Read Faster
3. Take Notes Effectively
4. Collect and Interpret Facts
5. Speed up Summary Creation
6. Remember Information
7. Question the Author   
8. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Title question   
9. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Main Idea Question   

10.Learn to Answer GMAT Reading comprehension Inference question

11. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Detail Question   

12. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Purpose Question
12. Learn to Answer GMAT organization of passage Question
13. Learn to identify the style/tone or attitude of the author

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Mastering GMAT Critical Reasoning

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How to overcome flawed thinking in GMAT Critical Reasoning?  

How to spot Inconsistencies in Arguments  

How to eliminate out of scope answer choices using Necessary and Sufficient Conditions  

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How to Answer Conclusion Question Type  

How to Answer Inference Question Type  

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