Find the area of the triangle QRS (Tricky)

Find the area of the triangle QRS
A)    90 cm
B)    80 cm
C)    110 cm
D)    55 cm
E)    45 cm        

Area of TriangleSolution

• For calculating the area of a triangle, we need to know the basic parameters viz., base and height, and when we substitute them using Area = ½* Base * Height, we will get the area. 

• The base can be any side of a given triangle; it can be QR, RS and QS. Depending on the side we choose, the height will be the altitude drawn from the angle opposite to the base.

So PQ^2  = QR
^2 + PR^2

• Let us take QR as the base here, because we have a right angled triangle involved in it, and the calculation of QR can be based on Pythagoras theorem. 

• We already have the values of PQ and PR values, so let’s use them to get the value of QR.

132 = QR
^2 + 52
169 = QR
^2+ 25

Subtract 25 on both sides

169-25 = QR
144 = QR
12 = QR
QR = 12 cm

• Therefore, the base of triangle QRS = 12 cm. We now need to find the height of the triangle so that we can find the area of it. Here, the height will be the altitude drawn from the vertex S to QR.

• First we draw a perpendicular line from S to QR. Imagining the point of this line on QR as A, we then can see a square formed with points SAQT, with SQ as diagonal as shown in the figure.

Therefore, as the opposite sides of a square are equal, the length of TQ is equal to the length of SA.

• Calculate the length of TQ using Pythagoras theorem. 

TQ^2 + TS
^2 = QS^2
^2 + 82 = 172
^2 + 64 = 289

Subtracting 64 on both sides

^2 = 289-64
^2 = 225

Applying squaring on both sides

TQ = 15

So the length of TQ = 15 cm

Therefore SA = 15 cm

Hence the altitude is 15 cm

• Now we have the base and height, So we need to find the area of the triangle and we will reach the target

• As Area = ½* base * Height

Area = ½* QR * SA

Area = ½* 12 cm * 15 cm

Area = 90 cm^2

Therefore the area of triangle QRS = 90 cm

• By using Pythagoras theorem we have found the area of the triangle QRS   

As seen here, we have a mix of topics viz., square and right angled triangle.

So the Answer will be Option A (90 cm).

About the Author

GoGMAT, founded in 2009, is an adaptive GMAT preparation platform developed by the best instructors in the industry (with 740+ GMAT scores and strong teaching experience). GoGMAT team consists of high profile members, successful entrepreneurs, experts in educational field, top-notch business school alumni with successful track records as investment bankers and management consultants. Our GMAT experts, university professors and successful entrepreneurs, analyzed GMAT test algorithms for almost 12 months.  We used their knowledge and skills as the basis to create one of the most efficient solutions in the world for GMAT preparation.

Disclaimer: The articles provided by GoGMAT are for informational purposes only and cannot be copied or redistributed without the written permission by GoGMAT. F1GMAT publishes guest posts by authors from all over the world. We do not accept any responsibility or liability for the information contained in the article or claims of copyright violation. However, we take immediate action when any copyright violations are reported. Report copyright violation

Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide

After reading F1GMAT’s Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide, you will:

1. Complete GMAT RC Questions in less than 1 minute and 50 seconds
2. Read Faster
3. Take Notes Effectively
4. Collect and Interpret Facts
5. Speed up Summary Creation
6. Remember Information
7. Question the Author   
8. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Title question   
9. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Main Idea Question   

10.Learn to Answer GMAT Reading comprehension Inference question

11. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Detail Question   

12. Learn to Answer GMAT Reading Comprehension Purpose Question
12. Learn to Answer GMAT organization of passage Question
13. Learn to identify the style/tone or attitude of the author

Download Essential GMAT Reading Comprehension Guide (2019 Edition) (100+ New Questions)

Mastering GMAT Critical Reasoning

After you read F1GMAT’s Mastering GMAT Critical Reasoning Guide, you will learn:

How to overcome flawed thinking in GMAT Critical Reasoning?  

How to spot Inconsistencies in Arguments  

How to eliminate out of scope answer choices using Necessary and Sufficient Conditions  

How to Paraphrase GMAT Critical Reasoning Question  

How to Answer Assumption Question Type  

How to Answer Conclusion Question Type  

How to Answer Inference Question Type  

How to Answer Strengthen Question Type  

How to Answer Weaken Question Type  

How to Answer bold-faced and Summary Question Types  

How to Answer Parallel Reasoning Questions  

How to Answer the Fill in the Blanks Question

Download Mastering GMAT Critical Reasoning (2019 Edition) (25+ New Questions)

Navigate F1GMAT

F1GMAT Services (MBA Applicants) 

F1GMAT's Books

MBA Salary(Latest Salary Data)
MBA Admission Interview Tips



MBA Application Essays

MBA Recommendation Letter

GMAT Tutorials

GMAT Question Bank

Top MBA Programs

Get F1GMAT's Newsletters (Best in the Industry)
Included in the Newsletter:

  • Ranking Analysis
  • Post-MBA Salary Trends
  • Post-MBA Job Function & Industry Analysis
  • Post-MBA City Review
  • MBA Application Essay Tips
  • School Specific Essay Tips
  • GMAT Preparation Tips
  • MBA Admission Interview Tips
  • School Specific Interview Tips
  • Funding Guidance and
  • Special Consultation Service (only for Subscribers)

Subscribe to F1GMAT's Newsletter