# General Strategies for Critical Reasoning

Unless the question is a GMAT conclusion question, there will always be two parts to an argument:  The premises—these are the facts that the author presents—and conclusion—the sentence that the author wants you to believe is true, but is not necessarily true.

Since you cannot mess with the facts that are presented, almost any question impacts the conclusion.  Therefore, there are always two basic steps to answering a critical-reasoning question:

Step 1:  Read the question first!  When you start reading that long, wordy, cumbersome paragraph of an argument, you want to already know what you are looking for so that you do not get lost in the text.

Step 2:  Find the conclusion!  Unless the question is a conclusion question (in which case you have synthesize all the facts presented in the paragraph), your job is to strengthen, weaken, identify the flaw of, identify the assumption of, or infer something from not the entire argument, but the conclusion of the argument.  So make sure you really zone in on that one single sentence!  Also, know your key words signaling a conclusion!

Step 3:  Know your argument types and the underlying assumptions for each type—causal arguments, arguments by analogy, and statistical arguments.  This is critical to the essay analyzing an argument as well!

Sarai yaseen is
a native of Boston, Massachusetts with an M.A. in English Literature, Sarai has been teaching the verbal portion of the GMAT at GMAX for over five years and has taught more than 600 hundred students world wide. Don't forget to check out her website -

Mastering GMAT Critical Reasoning (2019 Edition)

Chapters

1) Introduction
2) 6 Step Strategy to solve GMAT Critical Reasoning Questions
3) How to overcome flawed thinking in GMAT Critical Reasoning?
4) 4 GMAT Critical Reasoning Fallacies
5) Generalization in GMAT Critical Reasoning
6) Inconsistencies in Arguments
7) Eliminate Out of Scope answer choices using Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
8) Ad Hominem in GMAT Critical Reasoning
9) Slippery Slope in GMAT Critical Reasoning
10) Affirming the Consequent – GMAT Critical Reasoning
11) How to Paraphrase GMAT Critical Reasoning Question
12) How to Answer Assumption Question Type
13) How to Answer Conclusion Question Type
14) How to Answer Inference Question Type
15) How to Answer Strengthen Question Type
16) How to Answer Weaken Question Type
17) How to Answer bold-faced and Summary Question Types
18) How to Answer Parallel Reasoning Questions
19) How to Answer the Fill in the Blanks Question
Question Bank
Question 1: 5G Technology (Inference)
Question 2: Water Purifier vs. Minerals (Fill in the Blanks)
Question 3: Opioid Abuse (Strengthens)
Question 4: Abe and Japan’s Economy (Inference)
Question 5: Indians and Pulse Import (Weakens)
Question 6: Retail Chains in Latin America (Assumption)
Question 7: American Tax Rates – Republican vs. Democrats (Inference)
Question 8: AI – China vs the US (Weakens)
Question 9: Phone Snooping (Strengthens)
Question 11:  Appraisal-Tendency Framework (Inference)
Question 12:  Meta-Analysis of Diet Trials (Weakens)
Question 13:  Biases in AI (Strengthens)
Question 14:  Stock Price and Effectiveness of Leadership (Inference)
Question 15:  US Border Wall (Weakens)
Question 16:  Driverless Car and Pollution (Assumption)
Question 17:  Climate Change (Inference)
Question 18:  Rent a Furniture (Weakens)
Question 19:  Marathon Performance and Customized Shoes (Weakens)
Question 20:  Guaranteed Basic Income (Assumption)
Question 21:  Brexit (Infer)
Question 22:  AB vs Traditional Hotels (Assumption)
Question 23:  Tax Incentive and Job Creation (Weakens)
Question 24:  Obesity and Sleeve Gastrectomy (Inference)
Question 25:  Recruiting Executives (Weaken)

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