GMAT Reading Comprehension Question Bank

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT Reading Comprehension Passage: Ecology(Plastic)

Although the wider US public hate to admit it, the ‘hippie’ culture eventually permeates the rural and urban Mindspace, be it opinion against the war, gay marriage or attitude towards mass incarceration.  San Francisco led the Ban on plastic in 2007, but it might come as a surprise to learn that the decision, although made with good intention, had an adverse effect on climate change. This seems counterintuitive as the negative effects of single-use plastic on marine life have been heavily documented. The birds that washed away dead to the shores of Australia in 1999 with hundreds of small plastics in its stomach is etched in the minds of BBC News audience. But the invisible effects of air, water and land pollution from creating viable alternatives to plastic had far more consequence on the lives of Marine life.

According to Denmark’s Ministry of Environment and Food, the paper bags that is considered the most logical alternative to single-use plastic should be used at least 43 times to have the utility as the plastic in terms of environmental impact and the second most popular alternative material – cotton cloth, should be used for 22,000 times or more than 60 years to have the same impact as creating a plastic bag. The evidence from Austin, Texas,...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT Reading Comprehension Passage: Politics (Market Share and Innovation)

Market Analyst: F’s entry into Mirrorless Camera began in 2015 with the release of XG1 Cameras. Unlike N and C, F was two years late, but the nostalgia of the 80s film camera revived the brand among 40+ year old. The executives at F found it comforting to gain 15% market share in the APS-C mirrorless camera market and the Founder’s son – Mr Nakomota, revived an old Japanese mantra of iteratively improving the camera after a thorough ground study.

However, with the introduction of Full Frame Mirrorless camera, the competitors began pushing the reasonably well off 40+ year old to models that offer better focusing, image stabilization and superior performance in low light. By stubbornly insisting that “We will never go full frame”, Mr Nakomota is taking a stand to avoid cannibalizing F’s existing APS-C cameras. A similar strategy had helped F outlive K which didn’t have any transitioning strategy for the 21st century when the world moved away from Film to Digital camera. In 2012, K filed for bankruptcy whereas F is gaining a loyal following due to their superior color science.

The honeymoon period might not last long as C and N are planning to introduce Full-frame mirrorless camera for the same price point as F’s...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT Reading Comprehension Passage: Politics (Conservatives and Automation)

The rise of the democratic left in the US, under the masked promise of equality, has led to an inefficient government with unmanageable debt, clocking in at an astounding $16.1 trillion in 2018. The desire to protect the downtrodden has led to policies that pander to the imagined victim without any concrete policies for helping the real victims of globalization and automation – the blue collared workers, who don’t have the foundation to switch to a job that requires the greater application of niche knowledge.

Under such circumstances, the displaced populous of the American heartland would gravitate towards leaders that acknowledge their pain and take steps that protect existing jobs. Immigration becomes an easy target. Although the cost to taxpayers through illegal immigration is rising, the real impact is happening through automation.

The politicians on the left, who recognize the trend, choose the easier path – free money. They clamor for funding a universal basic income, by...

Categories : Reading Comprehension

GMAT Reading Comprehension Question: Protein-Rich Diet

From repairing old cells to maintaining healthy hair to the primary energy source for daily function, Protein plays a binding role in our lives. Although one’s lifestyle (sedentary vs. active) and nutritional need (pregnancy, lactating, bodybuilding, age) dictate the intake, the minimum daily recommended allowance (RDA) for an adult is 0.8 Gram per kg of body weight.

The popularization of Keto, Atkins, and Zone diets through celebrity endorsements have spread the message on the benefits of the diet in treating epilepsy, preventing Alzheimer’s disease and limiting some form of cancer, leading to mass hysteria in favor of protein consumption.

As per the RDA limit, a moderately active adult weighing 160 pounds and eating a 2500 calorie diet would need to consume 58 gm of protein. If one gram of protein provides 4 calories, then 58 gm would constitute 9.2% of the daily calorie requirement solely from protein. Since an average American consumes around 16% to 25% of protein as part of regular meals and 35-45% for certain protein diets, it is anything but healthy.  The pros and cons of a high protein diet is an ongoing area of research, the results of which are sometimes skewed by lobbyists for the meat industry.

Traditional fear, linking high...

When Al Gore's 'An Inconvenient Truth' earned awards and accolades and demonstrated Global Warming as a human-induced phenomenon, not many scientists looked beyond the research papers from 'US Global Change Research Program'. The 2006 documentary was a fodder to Global Warming alarmists, who forgot the fundamental fact that the average temperature has climbed by only 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit (0.8 Degree Celsius) since global temperatures began to be monitored systematically from 1880.

The research by Andrew Dessler and his team from Texas A&M University has confirmed the previous debated theory that Water Vapor is the most contributing greenhouse gas, doubling the climate warming caused by the increased levels of CO2 in the atmosphere. Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite became the first device to measure water vapor at all altitudes within the troposphere. Using AIRS, the scientists measured the humidity along the lowest 10 miles of the atmosphere. The level of humidity along with observation about carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases allowed researchers to grasp the interplay of the three major contributors of Global Warming. More than the increase in temperature, the compounding nature of Water Vapor is what worrying scientists around the world. Increase in water vapor leads to a warmer temperature that results in more water vapor emitted into the air.


Categories : Reading Comprehension

After four years of bloody fighting, the Civil War ceased in 1865 with the hope that the end of slavery would mark the beginning of equality and racial harmony. Consequently, three constitutional amendments were passed; starting with the 13th Amendment to end slavery, followed by one to give African Americans unfettered citizenship, and the final one to give African American males the right to vote. Nearly 100 years later, United States was still deeply divided. Racial Segregation was the norm, buttressed by various Jim Crow laws - named after the anonymous African American male. It ensured that all public facilities and state services were separated into "white" and "colored" spheres, with one sphere naturally enjoying an advantage over the other. White politicians passed laws that made voter registration more inaccessible to blacks and the number of African American voters nosedived drastically. Equal economic opportunities were denied to people of color. But what may have been the tipping point was unbridled aggression and violence - by the police, individuals and extremist groups like the now infamous Ku Klux Klan. From 1910 to 1970, nearly seven million African Americans left the South in the 'Great Migration.'

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) had fought since 1909 to end discrimination with peaceful tools such as lawsuits, education, and...

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