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GMAT Solid Geometry - Rectangular Solids and Cylinders

Rectangular Solid

Learn the concepts behind volume and surface area before you start solving GMAT Solid geometry problems. All solid geometry problems come down to this - length, breadth and height. For data sufficiency questions, look out for values of l, b and h. if any of them are missing then it would be easy to eliminate answer choices.

GMAT Rectangle

6 rectangular faces constitute a rectangular solid
 
The formulas you need to remember for a rectangular solid are

Volume = Length (l) x Width (w) x Height (h)

Surface Area = (2 x Length x Width) + (2 x Length x Height) + (2 x Width x Height)


"If length = width = height, that means that the rectangular solid is, in fact, a cube."


Terminologies

Vertex: Wow! quite a confusing word? Not really

Vertex = Corner

a) Vertex is the number of corners in a figure

The rectangular solid above has 8 vertices (plural of vertex), can you identify them? 

b) Edge is the number of lines that you see in a diagram.

The edge is simply the lines you see in the diagram above: the line where two surfaces meet.

Cylinder


Questions that has cylinder in it are much easier. You have to focus on only two values - the radius(r) and the height(h).

If you don’t know the radius, anything that enables you to determine the radius, such as the diameter (radius = diameter / 2) or the circumference (radius = circumference / 2pi) will suffice.

Cylinder

Regarding cylinders, the formulas you need to know are

Volume = area of the base circle x height = pi x (radius)2 x height

Surface Area = (2 x pi x (radius)2 )+ (pi x (diameter) x height)



Q) Let’s try a problem: A cylindrical water tank has a stripe painted around its circumference, as shown in the figure provided. What is the surface area of this stripe?

(1) y = 0.7
(2) The height of the tank is 2 meters.

 
Marked Cylinder


To find the surface area of the stripe, you need to know the circumference of the cylinder, but there is not data in the question that gives you the radius or diameter to let you find the circumference.  Hence the answer should be that neither statement together is sufficient.

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