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Weaken Argument


Q) The Chorus from Sam Smith's "Stay With Me" has an eerie resemblance to Tom Petty's 1989 song - “I Won’t Back Down. Mr. Petty and Jeff Lynne, the Songwriters, filed a copyright violation case and settled out of court. Modern song creation has evolved away from the standard process - starting with the lyrics, the sheet music, and finally the tune. For new song creators, it would be impossible to fight cases where some parts of the song had similar sheet music as the songs in the 70s and 80s.

Which one of the following statements weakens the argument?


a) According to Muzic82 - an aggregated opinion database from Music Experts, 98% of the experts felt that Sam Smith's song had a more traditional choir gospel theme than Tom Petty's Chorus.

b) Sam Smith chose to settle the case out of court, to avoid any disruption in his promotional tours.

c) In a similar case, Marvin Gayle's family was awarded $7.3 million as compensation when Robin Thicke and Pharrell Williams - the songwriter-producer of the 2013 hit "Blurred Lines", infringed on the copyright of the 1977 Marvin Gaye Song "Got to Give It Up" without any due credit.  

d) In modern songwriting - tone, intensity, and feel are equally important to identify the uniqueness of the song

e) In another instance, 2013's #1 Song “Thrift Shop", by Macklemore & Ryan Lewis...


Start solving the GMAT Critical Reasoning weaken question by reading the question first. Why? This would help you determine the task before you go into the argument.

For example:

Healica, a new drug that can cure a common disease that until now has been fatal for 50% of those infected, is made from the root of the New Zealand banananut tree.  The banananut tree is rare in New Zealand, and large quantities of the root are necessary in order to make Healica.  Therefore, if Healica remains in production, the banananut tree will eventually become extinct.

If true, which of the following most calls into question the conclusion above?

a) The company that holds the patent to Healica has exclusive rights to produce the drug for another 10 years.
b) Healica is expensive, and is not currently covered by most major insurance plans.
c) Banananut leaves are considered a gourmet delicacy in many parts of the world.
d) The banananut tree, although native to New Zealand, can easily be grown in other parts of the world.
e) Producing Healica is time-consuming and expensive for the drug manufacturer.
...

Categories : Weaken Argument

Car Dealer: After reviewing magazines of the 1980's. I have seen that the cars of that era are far nicer and more affordable than the cars that can be seen today. I believe that car manufacturers working before 1980 provided more affordable and nicer cars than the ones that manufacturers make today. Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the Car Dealer's conclusion?

A. Magazines are far more likely to be archived when the cars are particularly affordable or aesthetically pleasing.
B. The average car customer of the 1980's had less money to spend on cars than does an average car customer today, adjusted for inflation.
C. The quality of the cars of the 1980's is generally far inferior to that of cars now.
D. Cars designed now tend to be more expensive than in the 1980s.
E. Many of the materials used in cars today are more comfortable and practical, but not more elegant, than the materials commonly used in cars of the 1980s.

Answer

This choice notes that the magazine that the car dealer is using to make the argument may be unrepresentative of all cars of that time. If true, this possibility weakens the argument.

Answer - Choice A

Categories : Weaken Argument

To increase profits, a BMW dealership raised sticker prices by 20 percent on one of its models, but did not raise prices on any other type of vehicle. The owner of the BMW dealership said that this tactic alone was sufficient to increase profits, as overall revenue has almost doubled.

Which of the following, if true, most effectively weakens the owner's claim:

A. The number of other vehicle types sold did not increase.
B. The percentage of its one model sold increased after prices were raised.
C. The overall profits from all vehicles sold since prices were raised have increased.
D. The number of customers buying cars from the BMW dealership increased when the only other car dealership moved to another part of town.
E. The cost of running the dealership has more than doubled since the price increase, and the number of the one model sold has increased.

Answer

This answer choice D weakens the owner's argument. This answer choice states that the increase in his overall revenue is due to lack of competition.

Answer - Choice D

Categories : Weaken Argument

Programs instructed by the Head of State are much more likely to achieve their goals than are programs instructed in other ways. The method of instruction is a more significant cause of success in a government program than are other possible causes such as the financing available to the program, the quality of the civil service officers assigned to the program, and the committee to which the head of the program is accountable.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. The Head of State is more likely to be attentive to the changing needs of a new program than are other patrons of programs such as agency heads or Senators.

B. The civil service officers assigned to a program are more important than the financing available to the program.

C. Almost half of new governmental programs are unable to make the progress necessary to achieve their goals within three years.

D. The political maneuvering required by new programs is generally less restrained by custom than is that required by established programs.

E. A Head of State chooses a program based on the estimation he makes of its chances of success. This estimation is based on the financing structure, the civil service officers, and the Congressional committee.

...

Top 31 MBA Programs + Analysis of 24 Industries (United States)


We analyze the MBA Curriculum, Class Profile, Total Cost and Post-MBA Salary of Top 31 MBA programs in the US.

+ Industry Trends

+ Future of Aerospace, Agriculture, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Automobile, Clean Tech, Education, Energy, Fashion, Financial Services, Insurance, FinTech, Government, Healthcare, Life Sciences, Military, Manufacturing, Maritime, Media/Advertising, Technology, Tourism, Trade, Transportation and Logistics, Virtual Reality (VR), and Augmented Reality (AR).


Pages: 327

Reviews

"I have not reviewed many books for MBA Admission consulting companies but doing it now to give all applicants a brief idea on what the book covers. The book includes 31 top MBA programs - almost all the top schools you have heard or considering for your MBA application. Each chapter is categorized by US States where there is at least one top MBA program. So you have California and Massachusetts with the most number of MBA programs and several states with one top program (Washington, Minnesota, Washington D.C., Connecticut, Virginia, and Maryland) and other states with two to three MBA programs. The book focuses on four aspects of an MBA program - curriculum, cost, class profile and post-MBA salary. For me, the breakdown of the cost and post-MBA industry was useful to make my decision on selecting the top 5 programs for 2017-18. It is a fascinating read in an industry where consultants overprice for their expertise. I recently bought a 30-page guide for $49. Compared to the obvious observation in that book, the 300+ page, MBA in US - the Ultimate guide is a goldmine of information and analysis." - Verified Purchase (21st June 2017)

"I bought the ultimate guide after a friend recommended it for me. The guide covers a lot of ground on the history of each prominent US states and goes into the reasons why a certain industry emerged from each state. In addition to the analysis of the economy, trends and expected changes in the next 5 years, the book features top MBA programs in each state with an extensive study of its curriculum. Ultimate guide is an essential reference book for MBA Applicants if they want to shortlist MBA programs based on value and cost, and not just ranking. " - Verified Purchase (14th June 2017)

"Should be a required reading before applying for an MBA. School events and MBA Tours are PR events disguised as a Q&A. On the contrary, the book is an unbiased analysis of each Top MBA program in the US supported by a large dataset and historical context on each industry. The guide builds a case for indstries that are likely to emerge as favourite for MBA graduates. Thorough and a valuable book." - Verified Purchase (15th June 2017)

"What I liked: The breadth of the information. Some of my favorite nonfiction books have taken the same approach as the ultimate guide have - cover background information in-depth. In the book, the author uses parallel threads to demonstrate the history of the state and the rise of industries. Will make you think how schools thrive based on the policy set by the state. California's obsession with Technology has revolutionized how we do Business and changed post-MBA trends. Many MBA applicants will be consulting or doing marketing for a Technology company. That is one key finding from the book. The latest development in AI, FinTech, and Automation is an additional context that I found valuable in the book.

Very informative. I would recommend that you read the book at least once in chronological order before using Table of Contents." - Verified Purchase (2nd July 2017)

Download How to Choose the Best MBA in US: The Ultimate Guide
(2018 Entering Class)

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